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Ghazni

Khan Barmazid

"Ghazni from the south west", 1857. By Peter Stark Lumsden.
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Mughal badhsha Babur in 1505 writes , “Ghazni is a poor and insignificant place, and I have always wondered how its Badshahs, who possessed also Hindustan and Khorasan, could have chosen such a wretched place for the seat of their government, in preference to Khorasan”.

Ghazni was in its glory before Alauddin Hussain of Ghor ruined and destroyed it. Ghazni was sacked and destroyed by Alauddin Husain Suri of Ghor (nicknamed Jahansoz — ‘the world burner’) in 1152 AD, from which it never recovered. Ghurid army put to sword 60,000 inhabitants of Ghazni , and they destroyed all the tombs and mausoleums of Ghaznavid royal family other than of Mahmud, Masud and Ibrahim. Great buildings of Ghazni were destroyed and the royal library was partially burned while the library of Ibn-i-Sina was burned down fully. It is certain that Ghazni never recovered the splendour that perished then. [See Tabaqat-i-Nasiri for details]. Ghazni, which had not recovered from Ghurid devastation, was again destroyed by Mongols, the ancestors of Babur, in 13th century. Uktai Khan, son of Chingiz Khan, sacked and destroyed Ghazni and the country round and massacred its inhabitants.

Men with a boy sitting in a house, in front of them a bird cage and tea ware, Ghazni, Afghanistan, 1939. Photo by Annemarie Schwarzenbach.
“Ghazni from the south west”, 1857. By Peter Stark Lumsden.
Jehandad, a Lohani from Ghazni, 1879.
Source: “Men of different Afghan tribes: portraits by our special artist”, The Illustrated London News, April 19, 1879.

Ghazni : Walls of the old city – By A. Robillard, undated
“The Walls of Ghazni: Mahmoud’s Capital”. 1932’s color halftone print.
Source: https://www.periodpaper.com/products/1932-print-ghazni-afghanistan-walls-architecture-mahmoud-historical-image-ngma2-232715-ngma2-234
View of the city wall and citadel of Ghazni seen from the east, 1916 . From Werner Otto von Hentig collection.
Two men laying stacks of hay, the Citadel of Ghazni in the background, 1939. Photo by Annemarie Schwarzenbach.
Ghazni, 1939 ; A bridge over a river, men with sheep in the foreground. Photograph by Annemarie Schwarzenbach.
City gate of Ghazni, Afghanistan, 1937.
Originally posted on 20-06-2018 : https://www.facebook.com/Barmazid/photos/a.1747078685574741/2104551013160838

The storming of Ghazni, inside of the gateway, 1839, First Anglo-Afghan War. Lithograph from a volume of 14 coloured lithographs ‘The Storming of Ghuznee and Kelat’ by W Taylor.
Fortress of Ghazni, 1839. Lithograph made by Sir Keith Alexander Jackson
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